解決問題

在使用 Hexo 時,您可能會遇到一些問題,下列的常見問題解答可能會對您有所幫助。如果您在這裡找不道解答,可以在 GitHubGoogle Group 上詢問。

YAML 解析錯誤

JS-YAML: incomplete explicit mapping pair; a key node is missed at line 18, column 29:
last_updated: Last updated: %s

如果 YAML 字串中包含冒號(:)的話,請加上引號。

JS-YAML: bad indentation of a mapping entry at line 18, column 31:
last_updated:"Last updated: %s"

請確認您使用空白進行縮排(Soft tab),並確認冒號後有加上一個空格。

您可參閱 YAML 規格 以取得更多資訊。

EMFILE 錯誤

Error: EMFILE, too many open files

雖然 Node.js 有非阻塞 I/O,同步 I/O 的數量仍被系統所限制,在產生大量靜態檔案的時候,您可能會碰到 EMFILE 錯誤,您可試著提高同步 I/O 的限制來解決此問題。

$ ulimit -n 10000

Error: cannot modify limit

If you encounter the following error:

$ ulimit -n 10000
ulimit: open files: cannot modify limit: Operation not permitted

It means some system-wide configurations are preventing ulimit to being increased to a certain limit.

To override the limit:

  1. Add the following line to “/etc/security/limits.conf”:

    * - nofile 10000

    # '*' applies to all users and '-' set both soft and hard limits
  • The above setting may not apply in some cases, ensure “/etc/pam.d/login” and “/etc/pam.d/lightdm” have the following line. (Ignore this step if those files do not exist)

    session required pam_limits.so
  1. If you are on a systemd-based distribution, systemd may override “limits.conf”. To set the limit in systemd, add the following line in “/etc/systemd/system.conf” and “/etc/systemd/user.conf”:

    DefaultLimitNOFILE=10000
  2. Reboot

Git 佈署問題

fatal: 'username.github.io' does not appear to be a git repository

請確認您已經在電腦上 設定 git,或改用 HTTPS 儲存庫(repository)網址。

伺服器問題

Error: listen EADDRINUSE

您可能同時開啟兩個 Hexo 伺服器,或者有其他應用程式正在佔用相同的連接埠,請試著修改 port 設定,或是在啟動 Hexo 伺服器時加上 -p 選項。

$ hexo server -p 5000

外掛安裝問題

npm ERR! node-waf configure build

當您試著安裝以 C/C++ 或其他非 JavaScript 語言所撰寫的外掛時,可能會遭遇此問題,請確認您已經在電腦上安裝相對應的編譯器。

在 Jade 或 Swig 遍歷資料

Hexo 使用 Warehouse 儲存資料,它不是一般陣列所以必須先轉型才能遍歷。

{% for post in site.posts.toArray() %}
{% endfor %}

資料沒有更新

有時資料可能沒有被更新,或是產生出的檔案與修改前的相同,您可試著清除快取並再試一次。

$ hexo clean

脫逸(Escape)內容

Hexo 使用 Nunjucks 來解析文章(舊版本使用 Swig,兩者語法類似),內容若包含 {{ }}{% %} 可能導致解析錯誤,您可以用 raw 標籤包裹,single backtick `{{ }}` 或 triple backtick 來避免潛在問題發生。
Alternatively, Nunjucks tags can be disabled through the renderer’s option (if supported), API or front-matter.

{% raw %}
Hello {{ world }}
{% endraw %}
```
Hello {{ world }}
```

ENOSPC Error (Linux)

Sometimes when running the command $ hexo server it returns an error:

Error: watch ENOSPC ...

It can be fixed by running $ npm dedupe or, if that doesn’t help, try the following in the Linux console:

$ echo fs.inotify.max_user_watches=524288 | sudo tee -a /etc/sysctl.conf && sudo sysctl -p

This will increase the limit for the number of files you can watch.

EMPERM Error (Windows Subsystem for Linux)

When running $ hexo server in a BashOnWindows environment, it returns the following error:

Error: watch /path/to/hexo/theme/ EMPERM

Unfortunately, WSL does not currently support filesystem watchers. Therefore, the live updating feature of hexo’s server is currently unavailable. You can still run the server from a WSL environment by first generating the files and then running it as a static server:

$ hexo generate
$ hexo server -s

This is a known BashOnWindows issue, and on 15 Aug 2016, the Windows team said they would work on it. You can get progress updates and encourage them to prioritize it on the issue’s UserVoice suggestion page.

Template render error

Sometimes when running the command $ hexo generate it returns an error:

FATAL Something's wrong. Maybe you can find the solution here: http://hexo.io/docs/troubleshooting.html
Template render error: (unknown path)

One possible reason is that there are some unrecognizable words in your file, e.g. invisible zero width characters.